Legal defensibility - This refers to the extent to which there is evidence regarding a test's quality that would stand up in a court challenge. For an exam program to be legally defensible, sound measurement procedures need to be both followed and documented, in the design, development, and maintenance of the test. Evidence of the test's content validity is particularly important.
Licensure test - A licensure test is typically a mandatory exam program sponsored by a governmental agency for the purpose of protecting public health, safety, and welfare. Licensure exams are criterion-referenced tests (CRTs) which individuals are legally required to pass before they may be employed in the occupation.
Linear equating - This is a method for equating in which the mean and standard deviation of one test form are placed on the scale of another, parallel form.